The Basque Government

The Basque Government (Eusko Jaurlaritza/Gobierno Vasco) is the regional Government of the Basque Country (Euskadi). Its degree of autonomy in policy areas including education, industry, culture, health and social security and services has led the Basque Country to achieve a high rating in the Human Development Index: eighth place in the world. Industry is the driving force of the Basque economy, accounting for 24.1% of GDP, and it aims to lead the fourth industrial revolution: 128% productivity per employee. Commitment to innovation is the hallmark of the Basque Country, commitment that brought in recognition and resources at European level. The Basque Country is the autonomous community in Spain that assigns the highest percentage of its GDP to R&D, 1.89%.


Regarding education, schooling in the Basque Country is compulsory from age 6 and free from 3 to 16 years old. Euskadi has the lowest dropout rate (7.7%) for young people between 18 and 24 years old, and 48.9% of people aged between 30 and 34 with have higher education The Basque Country directs its efforts toward implementing a clear, close educational model, providing value and quality assurance. Its commitment to developing talent in people, concentrated in a nursery for highly qualified professionals, who are prepared to take the reins of the future, both locally and internationally, has been reinforced. In this sense, an increasing need in qualified professionals in science and technology is foreseen in the coming years. Therefore, the Basque Government is currently developing the STEAM-Euskadi Strategy, using an integrated and collaborative approach between the education and industry, with the following goals:


  1. To guarantee education in the scientific and technological areas in the curriculum and the literacy needed by the society in an increasingly complex, changing and highly technified world.
  2. To inspire students professional vocations and aspirations in STEM areas in order to have more, better and versatile professionals.
  3. To attract less represented groups such as girls to scientific and technological fields
  4. To favour education in science and technology in students facing social inequality situations.



Innobasque, the Basque Innovation Agency, is a private non-profit association established in 2007 to co-ordinate and drive innovation in the Basque Country in all its spheres as well as to encourage entrepreneurial spirit and creativity. Innobasque is made up of agents from the Basque science, technology and innovation network (RVCTI), private businesses, Basque public institutions, association representatives of Basque workers and business people, and other organisations related to innovation.


Its vision is to turn the Basque Country into a European innovation benchmark region. For this purpose, an ambitious short, medium and long-term transformation programme has been established. The mission is to drive the process of transforming the Basque Country towards an innovating society. The agency works to understand the complexities, define priorities, forge a strong bond between public and private agents, and foster the demand and necessary stimulus in companies and society as a whole.

Government of Catalonia

The Government of Catalonia (Generalitat de Catalunya) is the regional government of Catalonia. It consists of ministries and other bodies such as public companies and autonomous organisations that employ more than 200.000 people. It has responsibilities, among other areas, in: education, employment, universities and economic development. Secretariat  for Telecommunications, Cibersecurity and Digital Society is responsible for boosting the deployment and integration of digital technologies in each area of Catalan society.


The Catalan economy boasts a significant level of industrial activity in sectors such as automobiles and accessories, chemicals, and state-of-the-art computer and office IT equipment. The publishing industry and construction are also of crucial economic importance. 


The lack of students choosing studies in the STEM-related subjects, high rates of youth unemployment and sustained labour demand growth in some STEM-related sectors such as IT, robotics, automobile and mechanics industry, have driven the Government of Catalonia to aprove in February 2017 an Agreement to develop the STEMcat plan (national STEM strategy).This plan promotes vocations in STEM among youth, and has to be deployed in the Catalan schools during the next school year (2017-18). The plan is currently being developed by the Government of Catalonia and will cover four main focus areas:


  • enhance teacher training in science, technology and mathematics;
  • enhance STEM skills among students and develop strategies to globally assess them;
  • encourage participation in school of companies in STEM sectors;
  • promote science, technology, engineering and maths in society

Research and Innovation Performance Spain: Country Profile 2014

Source / author: 
European Commission

The indicators in the report present a synthesis of research and innovation performance in Spain. They relate knowledge investment and input to performance and economic output throughout the innovation cycle. They show thematic strengths in key technologies and also the high-tech and medium-tech contribution to the trade balance. The indicator on excellence in science and technology takes into consideration the quality of scientific production as well as technological development. The Innovation Output Indicator covers technological innovation, skills in knowledge-intensive activities, the competitiveness of knowledge-intensive goods and services, and the innovativeness of fast-growing enterprises, focusing on innovation output. The indicator on knowledge-intensity of the economy focuses on the economy’s sectoral composition and specialisation and shows the evolution of the weight of knowledge-intensive sectors and products.

Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Spain 2015

Source / author: 

The OECD Skills Strategy provides a strategic approach to skills policies to promote better skills, better jobs and better lives. It aims to strengthen countries’ skills systems through the coherent development, activation and effective use of skills to promote economic prosperity and social cohesion, reflecting a strong focus on “lifetime employability”. The OECD works collaboratively with a range of countries in applying the OECD Skills Strategy framework to build more effective national skills strategies. Each national skills strategy country project offers a highly tailored approach to focus on the unique skills challenges, context and objectives of each country. Each project leverages OECD comparative data and policy analysis, fosters collaboration across ministerial portfolios and levels of government while engaging all relevant stakeholders – employers, trade unions, and civil society organisations.

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